Basic rules

Drive on the right, overtake on the left

Drive in the right-hand lane, even on threelane stretches, and only use the left-hand or middle lane for overtaking. When changing lanes, make sure there is enough room and watch for vehicles in the blind spot. Indicate well in advance whenever you change lanes.

Drive with due care and attention

Keep an eye not only on the vehicle in front of you, but also on the traffic situation further ahead. Pay attention to information displayed on variable message display devices. Check your rearview mirror frequently. In this way you can avoid surprises and drive more safely and efficiently.

Avoid distractions

Safe operation of the vehicle is of the utmost importance. This means keeping both hands on the steering wheel. Never use electronic devices, electric shavers, make-up utensils, etc., while driving, and only take a drink when it’s safe to do so.

Maintain a safe distance from other vehicles

Distance means safety. Observe the two-second rule or use half your displayed travel speed to calculate the safe distance from the vehicle in front of you. Increase this distance in bad weather and poor visibility conditions.

Adapt your speed to the road conditions

Reduce your speed and maintain a greater distance

  • In heavy traffic
  • At night, on wet, icy or snow-covered roads or in strong wind
  • When visibility is poor

Observe indicated speeds

Many stretches are equipped with dynamic signalling systems, which reflect the current and anticipated traffic situation. Adhere to the indicated speed and thus help improve traffic flow.

Passing on the right

If a queue has formed in the left-hand lane (or in the left hand and/or centre lane if the stretch has three lanes), you may pass it on the right with the necessary degree of caution. This facilitates smoother traffic flow on both lanes. Please note,
however, that overtaking on the right (i.e. moving into the right-hand lane and then returning to the original lane) is prohibited.

Use of the emergency lane (hard shoulder)

On some motorway stretches the use of the emergency lane as a normal traffic lane is permitted. Whether an emergency lane may be used as a traffic lane is indicated on the overhead traffic signals (X or arrow).

Forming an emergency corridor

Whenever there is slow-moving traffic on a motorway, leave a lane free for emergency vehicles in the middle of the two lanes. This corridor should always be formed between the far-left lane and the lane immediately to the right of it. Its formation is
compulsory. It should be formed as early as possible (even if an emergency vehicle is not yet approaching), though at the latest when traffic slows down to walking speed. This ensures that the corridor is formed by the time traffic comes to a standstill.